1812 Overture, Moscow Cantata, Marche Slave (2009)

Tchaikovsky

Mariinsky Orchestra

Valery Gergiev

The five works by Tchaikovsky on this CD form a cohesive whole. They were written to order. There is nothing shameful about this for the creative spirit. The majority of professional composers used to accept commissioned work, and still do. An order means that there is demand for the work, it is financially beneficial and above all – or maybe, most importantly – having a deadline disciplines the creative urge and stimulates inspiration. But in Russia in Tchaikovsky’s time, it was quite unusual for work to be commissioned (even for the members of the ‘Mighty Handful’ such as Mussorgsky, Rimsky-Korsakov and Balakirev) since many composers, even well-known ones, had ‘amateur’ status. In this and in other ways, Tchaikovsky was the fi rst ‘professional’ Russian composer. A new generation of composers (Stravinsky, Prokofiev) followed in his footsteps; for them, commissions were the norm.
Tchaikovsky, however, usually found working to order irksome but, being a professional, he produced music of the highest quality. He accepted commissions and the result was inspired. The orders were for official purposes. Tchaikovsky wrote for official and public events. He was an official composer from early in his career, on call whenever there was a need for music for state or social occasions. His compositions were well-crafted, accessible and attractive, capturing the mood of his fellow Russians

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Valery Gergiev

Valery Gergiev is Principal Conductor of the London Symphony Orchestra and Artistic Director of the Stars of the White Nights Festival (St Petersburg), the Moscow Easter Festival, the Gergiev Rotterdam Festival, the Mikkeli International Festival, and the Red Sea Festival in Eilat, Israel. His inspired leadership as Artistic and General Director of the Mariinsky Theatre since 1988 has brought universal acclaim to this legendary institution. Born in Moscow, he studied conducting with Ilya Musin at the Leningrad Conservatory, won the Herbert von Karajan Conductors’ Competition aged 24, and made his Mariinsky Opera debut one year later conducting Prokofiev’s War and Peace. In 2003 he led St Petersburg’s 300th anniversary celebrations, and opened the Carnegie Hall season with the Mariinsky Orchestra,the first Russian conductor to do so since Tchaikovsky conducted the Hall’s inaugural concert in 1891. Valery Gergiev’s many awards include a Grammy, the Dmitri Shostakovich Award, the Golden Mask Award, People’s Artist of Russia Award, and France’s Royal Order of the Legion of Honour. His vast discography includes Russian operas, Shostakovich, Prokofiev, and Tchaikovsky Symphonies, and numerous discs on the LSO Live and Mariinsky labels, including a Mahler Symphony cycle, Bartok’s Bluebeard’s Castle, Wagner’s Parsifal, Donizetti’s Lucia di Lammermoor, and a disc of Debussy’s music.

Mariinsky Orchestra

The Mariinsky Theatre Orchestra or the Kirov Orchestra is located in the Mariinsky Theatre in St. Petersburg, Russia. The orchestra was founded in 1783 during the reign of Catherine the Great, it was known before the revolution as the Russian Imperial Opera Orchestra. The orchestra is one of the oldest musical institutions in Russia.

In 1935 Joseph Stalin changed its name (and that of the Ballet) to the Kirov, after Sergei Kirov, the first secretary of the Communist Party in Leningrad, whose 1934 murder by his regime Stalin was attempting to whitewash. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the name was changed back to the Mariinsky in 1992.

The current artistic and general director of the Mariinsky Theatre is the conductor Valery Gergiev and the principal guest conductor is Nikolaj Znaider. Under Gergiev, the Mariinsky Orchestra has become one of the leading symphony orchestras in Russia.

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1812 Overture, Moscow Cantata, Marche Slave (2009)

Tchaikovsky

Mariinsky Orchestra

    Gramophone

Tchaikovsky is most evidently (and gloriously) Tchaikovsky in the Moscow Cantata. A vintage melody turns the first page of Russian history, illuminating it in that inimitable Tchaikovsky way. The baritone monologue in praise of Moscow culminates in a marvellously stirring idea and in the second mezzo-soprano arioso honouring the women of Russian we find a heroine worthy of any Tchaikovsky opera. No doubt about it, Tchaikovsky had a gift for personalising even his most official duties, The dutiful was not really in his vocabulary.

1812 Overture, Moscow Cantata, Marche Slave (2009)

Tchaikovsky

Mariinsky Orchestra

Producer: James Mallinson
Recording Engineer: John Newton, Dirk Sobotka
Recording location: Concert Hall of th the Mariinsky Theatre
Recording Type & Bit Rate: DSD64

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MAR0503: 1812 Overture, Moscow Cantata, Marche Slave
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Tracks.
1.
Tchaikovsky: 1812 Festival Overture
Tchaikovsky
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2.
Tchaikovsky- Moscow Cantata- I. Introduction and Chorus
Tchaikovsky
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3.
Tchaikovsky- Moscow Cantata- II. Arioso
Tchaikovsky
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4.
Tchaikovsky- Moscow Cantata- III. Chorus
Tchaikovsky
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5.
Tchaikovsky- Moscow Cantata- IV. Monologue and Chorus
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6.
Tchaikovsky- Moscow Cantata- V. Arioso
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7.
Tchaikovsky- Moscow Cantata- VI. Finale
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8.
"Tchaikovsky- Slavonic March (""Marche Slave"")"
Tchaikovsky
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9.
Tchaikovsky- Festival Coronation March
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10.
Tchaikovsky- Festival Overture on the Danish National Anthem
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00:11:04   Select quality & channels above

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