The Nederlands Kamerorkest (= Netherlands Chamber Orchestra) was founded in 1955 and gave its first concert that year during the Holland Festival. Szymon Goldberg – the legendary violinist, conductor and pedagogue – was artistic director of the ensemble for the first 22 years.Goldberg then appointed David Zinman as second conductor (alongside himself) and, jointly, they raised the level of the orchestra to equal that of any top international chamber ensemble. They were succeeded in 1979 by Antoni Ros Marbà, who led the orchestra until 1986. From 1986 to 2002, Hartmut Haenchen was chief conductor of the ensemble, with Philippe Entremont as permanent guest conductor. Since 2003, Yakov Kreizberg has been chief conductor of the Nederlands Kamerorkest. In September 2004, top violinist Gordan Nikoli´c was appointed Artistic Director and Leader of the Nederlands Kamerorkest. As such, he regularly leads the orchestra from within.