After World War II, Poland was under the control of Stalin’s Soviet Russia. Artists in Poland found themselves subject to the same types of regimentation and censorship endured by their Russian colleagues. During this period, the Polish government mandated composer Witold Lutoslawski to fashion numerous works based upon Polish folk songs. At the same time, however, Lutoslawski began to experiment with couching these folk songs in a less traditional and more complex guise. Lutoslawski awaited the moment he could employ this technique in a serious concert work.