Louis Armstrong and his Orchestra was one of the most popular bands in Jazz history and one of the driving forces of Swing style that came to dominate popular music of the 1930s and 1940s. In 1928 Armstrong began fronting Carroll Dickerson’s Orchestra and traveled east from Chicago to New York. The band became known as the Louis Armstrong Orchestra, with Dickerson acting as musical director. In 1929 Louis Armstrong was hired to play in the pit band of the popular all Black musical revue Hot Chocolates, which featured the music of Andy Razaf and Fats Waller. The show was a great success and Armstrong stole the show with his singing of Ain’t Misbehavin’ which became his biggest selling record to date. After each night’s show he would then join the Dickerson crew at Connie’s Inn and finish the evening at the Lafayette Theater (7th Avenue at 132nd Street) next door. In 1929 he started to record quite a few of Hoagy Carmichael’s songs. Armstrong had known Carmichael back in the King Oliver’s Creole Jazz Band days in Chicago through Bix Beiderbecke and they teamed up on Hoagy’s Rockin’ Chair. In 1931 he recorded three more of Carmichael’s songs, Stardust, Lazy River, and Georgia On My Mind. In 1934 Armstrong took over the Luis Russell Orchestra and from then on they became known as the Louis Armstrong Orchestra with Russell acting as musical director.
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